It is quite obvious that among traditional sports, pelota game in all its variations has contrastively been much more firmly established socially and even internationally than other so called traditional sports such as, Herri Kirolak, (Basque rural sports) which are practised at a much lower level. In this section of the Archive, testimonies are gathered of traditional federated and non federated sports; still existing and non-existing or sports that have disappeared. Similarly, testimonies are gathered that transmit their so common agonistic character: making challenges, betting... Therefore, to the officially recognised sports (pelota; aizkolaris (wood-cutting); stone dragging by oxen, donkeys, horses or by a person; stone-drilling, 81kg sack races, hay bale throwing; hay bale or oxcart lifting; stone lifting; corncob collecting; milk-can carrying; segalaris(grass-cutting); soka tira (tug-of-war); tronza; txingas (cover a distance carrying a 50 kg weight in each hand); and yunque (anvil), those sports that could be considered as an exhibition of work are to be added (shearing, sheep dogs, etc.) or other festive- game modalities (hoe throwing, donkey and pig races, etc). The rules, tools and materials as well as the most essential elements needed for the practise of the most known sports are supplied. The immaterial patrimony (hymns, songs...) should not be forgottten associated with international sports established much more recently but widely-spread, such as, soccer.